Eravikulam National Park is a popular sanctuary and home of Nilgiri Tahr. Hidden inside Munnar, the national park remains as a sacred shelter for this striking animal. The park is intersected by numerous perennial streams. The national park is located in Idukki District, Devikulam Taluk. The park is also popular for a picturesque view of Neelakurinji, rolling hills and tea plantation.
Neelakurinji is a gorgeous blue coloured flower which blooms once in twelve years. When you visit the park during the summer season, you can see the entire valleys covered with Neelakurinji, which almost looks like a blue carpet of flowers. People visit the park in large crowds to witness the beauty of flowers and admire animals dwelling in their natural habitat.
Last year, the gorgeous hills of Munnar attracted people from various parts of the world to witness the blooming season in person. The time for viewing begins in August and ends by October. The next flower sighting is predicted to be in 2030. Some endangered types of butterflies and rare animals can easily be spotted in this park.
The landscape of the park is interspersed with forests, shrubs, and grasslands. The vegetation is distinctive to the Western Ghats. It mainly consists of evergreen plantations. The terrain beyond 2000 meters is enclosed with grasslands.
The park houses 101 types of butterflies and 132 kinds of birds. One of the major attractions of the park is the Atlas Moth. It is one of the biggest moth types in the world. It also resides in the park.
It has been recorded that Eravikulam National Park houses around 19 types of amphibians and 26 types of mammals.
Anamudi is the highest peak in South India and the park is also popular for boasting this peak in its southern region. The park is run by Wildlife and Forest division of Kerala and Munnar Wildlife division. Being a heritage site, the terrain of Eravikulam National Park consists of perennial streams, mountain peak, shoals, grasslands, and hill plateau which merge with Pamba River or Periyar River, waterfalls and other water bodies.
You Should Experience Eravikulam National Park At Least Once In Your Lifetime And Here’s Why?
Eravikulam National Park or Sanctuary was established to safeguard rare Nilgiri Tahr. They are common to the southern region of the Western Ghats and the Nilgiri Hills. These are standard goats with tiny, coarse fur, curved horns, and a bristly mane. At Eravikulam National Park, Nilgiri Tahrs are found in a large population. It is estimated that the park resides about 750 Nilgiri Tahrs in number.
The land inside Eravikulam National Park can be classified as forests, shrublands, and grasslands. The terrain beyond the height of 2000 meters are mostly grasslands. Antibacterial eupatorium glandulosum and shrub neelakurinji are also found in the park. The major portions of the forests are occupied with hollow landforms. The deep valleys are covered with thick forests in this park. In the grasslands, you can find several species of balsams and orchids.
Eravikulam National Park consists of 26 kinds of mammals including Nilgiri Tahr within the park. Other mammals which can be spotted in this park are elephants, dusky striped squirrel, funambulus sublineatus, ruddy mongoose, small-clawed otter, Nilgiri marten, Indian porcupine, stripe-necked mongoose, Nilgiri langur, tiger, leopard, dhole, wild dog, jungle cat, golden jackal, sambar deer, Indian muntjac and Gaur. Elephants are commonly spotted in particular seasons.
The forest houses more than 132 varieties of birds. Some of the commonly seen birds are Kerala laughing thrush, Nilgiri verditer flycatcher, white-bellied shortwing, yellow-throated marten, Nilgiri wood pigeon, Nilgiri Pipit, orange and black flycatcher and more.
There are about 101 varieties of exotic butterflies seen in this park. It includes Palni four wing, red disk bush brown and more. There are about 19 different kinds of amphibians in this park. It is also found that there is a new type of frog identified in the Anamudi peak.
Various attractions in the park
Eravikulam National Park is classified into three regions:
They are the tourism area, buffer area, and core area. The main tourist area in this park is the Rajamalai. Buffer and core area are not permitted for entry of tourists.
The slope and peak are not permitted for tourists. One of the popular and important activities to indulge in this region is trekking. Ensure to experience trekking to the footsteps of the hills.
The waterfalls starts from the park and finishes in Pamba River. The view of the waterfalls in enchanting from the park. It remains as the main region where wildlife thrives.
It is a significant tourist area of the park. If you wish to spot Tahr in close distance, you need to witness from this mountain slope. The zone remains closed in the months of February and March as it is mating season. It is also easy to spot Neelakurinji flowers from Rajamalai. Some minibuses function in this area. Private cars are not permitted in this region. Walking tours are allowed here.
Right time to tour Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park consists of a tropical mountain climate. It is said that the peak region gains sufficient rainfall than other areas of the park.
Winter begins in October and lasts till February. If you are visiting during peak season that is January, it is hard to spot animals. The late and early winter season are best times to view Tahr with their little ones.
Eravikulam National Park receives rainfall because of southwest monsoon. Therefore, the wettest months are between June and August. The place gets sufficient amount of rainfall because of the altitude. Due to rain, the trails become slippery and muddy. It makes walking safari challenging. However, during this season, the flora remains rich in this region. But it is difficult to spot animals. During the peak rainy season, Eravikulam National Park remains closed. It is recommended to check before you plan for the trip.
The summer season in this region starts from March and lasts till May. April and May are the hottest months in this region. In this season, the river would dry up and attracts several kinds of birds for mating. It is also best to visit Eravikulam National Park during the summer season since you can easily spot animals along with their cubs. You can see them when they come to water springs to drink water.
Which is the right time to visit the famous Eravikulam National Park?
It is best to visit between September and November and also between April and June. During the heavy rainy season, the park will remain closed. It is not recommended to visit the park during March and February since it is hard to spot animals as it is mating season. In certain months, the park would be closed to avoid exploitation.
Wildlife safari tour in Eravikulam National Park
The park does not permit private vehicles inside the area. The only way to witness and explore the entire park is by walk. The southern region of the park has the motorable road that is present throughout the park. It is the only road you can see in the park. The road leads to Lakkom Mauduvakudy and Tea Estates. If you wish to explore deeper regions of the park, you can access by walk.
Entrance cost: The entry cost for visiting the park is INR 15 for Indians and INR 200 for foreigners. If you are taking children below 5 years of age, you need to purchase an entrance ticket that is INR 5. The charges for the camera is INR 25.
During certain seasons, entry and safari to particular regions remain closed or restricted. It would be mostly due to severe weather conditions, natural calamities, epidemics, and others. Ensure to follow the rules as passed by the officials for your own wellness and safety. The vehicles can go for a few kilometres and but it not allowed beyond the checkpoint stop.
Safari tickets: It is possible to book the safari tickets online. The safari tickets are available only to a specific number and it is limited because of environment maintenance. The trekking trails stretch about 1.2 to 2 kilometres. It takes approximately three hours to finish the trail. The best trail is the Kurinji trail and it is important to pre-book to experience and participate in this trekking trail.
Wildlife safari timings: Eravikulam National Park remains open on all days. The Eravikulam National Park safari timings start at 8.30 AM and end by 4.00 PM. It takes around 2 to 3 hours to complete one safari trip.
How to visit Eravikulam National Park?
Coimbatore and Trivandrum are the two nearest cities with international airports. The distance between Eravikulam National Park and Coimbatore airport is 175 km and the distance between Eravikulam National Park and Trivandrum airport is 148 km. Once you reach the airport, you can make use of several transportation facilities to reach Munnar and then the park.
The closest railway station is situated 120 km away from Munnar. Aluva railway station is the nearest railway station. Several trains from neighbouring cities and states reach Aluva. Once you reach the railway station, you can hire a taxi or other transport to access the park.
The park is situated 15 km away from Munnar. It is possible to hire cabs in Munnar and then reach the park. Private and government buses from Munnar and to reach Munnar are easily available. One of the simplest options is to hire a cab.
The distance between Eravikulam National Park and major cities
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Ooty is approximately 234 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Kanyakumari is approximately 373 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Munnar is approximately 8 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Kottayam is approximately 148 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Cochin is approximately 150 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Madurai is approximately 142 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Angamalai is approximately 108 km.
- The distance Eravikulam National Park and Aluva is approximately 109 km.
Where to stay near the Eravikulam National Park?
Eravikulam National Park does not have any resorts or hotels within or close by. It is possible to stay in Munnar and plan for a day trip to this park.
Some of the popular resort and hotel options are as follows:
- Tea Harvester, Munnar
- Camelot Resort, Munnar
- Athens Cottage, Munnar
- Red Sparrow, Munnar
- Bamboodale Resort, Munnar
- Spice Jungle Resort, Munnar
- Forest Glade, Pallivasal
- Issac’s Residency, Munnar
- Nature Zone Resort, Pallivasal
Contact Address: The Wildlife Warden, Munnar Post Office, Idukki, Kerala, India
Contact Number: 91 4865231587
Mobile Number: 9447979093
If you have plans for Munnar trip, you should definitely ensure to include Eravikulam National Park in your itinerary.