Meghalaya is a fabulous state in India with several rivers, sanctuaries, tourist attractions, and comfortable accommodations. The rivers of Meghalaya makes the entire state completely unique and picturesque. Most of the rivers are dependent on rain and thus remains seasonal. The rivers flowing in Meghalaya has formed numerous glistening waterfalls and deep canyons.
The north group of rivers includes Didak, Ringgi, and Kalu and the south group of rivers includes Dareng, Bhogai, and others. The Simsang or the Someshwari River is one of the major rivers in the entire river system of Meghalaya. The Tura range is the main source of the river and it is a highly attractive point for everyone. The river system and the rivers that originate from Tura range remains very beautiful and pleasant.
The West Garo Hills is located in the western part of the state. It is divided into West Garo Hills and East Garo Hills. It is in the Goalpara district of Assam which is on the north and North West and Bangladesh are located on the south. There are three significant mountain ranges namely Tur Range, Arbella Range, and Ranggira Range in the regions of Garo Hills. The watersheds formed in the Tur range flow towards Brahmaputra valley in west and north and Bangladesh plains in and around the south.
Some of the popular rivers belonging to the north side are Didak, Ringgi, and Kalu. The popular rivers of the south group are Dareng, Bhogai, etc.
Popular Rivers of Meghalaya
1. Simsang River
Simsang Riiver is also popularly known as the Someshwari River as it gushes into Bangladesh after it transcends down the borders. It originated from the Nokrek peak and divides the Garo Hills into two major parts. It runs towards William Nagar in the east. Various scenic waterfalls are created while it goes through the Garo Hills. Some of the popular tributaries that join the Simsang River are Rongdik, Ringdi, Chibok and Rompa rivers. It is the second longest river in the district. Many deep pools and falls can be found in the lower district. It passes through Rongrenggre.
2. Myntdu River
Myntdu River is one of the most popular water bodies or rivers of Meghalaya. The locals of Meghalaya call it Ka Tawiar ka Takan. It is called so in the Pnar dialect. The water of this river is very useful for the town of Jowai. The Myntdu Valley is irrigated by this river. The river originates at a height of 1420 meters and is situated on the outskirts of Jowai town. It originates in Mihmyntdu and then flows through Leshka and reaches a village called Borghat and then finally reaches Bangladesh. There it is popularly called Shari.
3. Dawki River
Dawki River is located in the border town of Dawki. This river lies between Bangladesh and India and was previously a very popular trade route between the two countries. It is popular for the Umngot River where one can even enjoy boating and explore the nearby places. The beautiful suspension bridge and the cold waters and the greenery on all sides make it even more beautiful. This place is worth visiting and is a major tourist destination in the entire Meghalaya.
The main tributary of this river starts from the Upot Lake. It begins from the Derek village and goes towards the east. It connects to the Gagua River and then goes towards Goalpara. After going towards Phulwari it reaches Hallidayganj. It then enters the Goalpara district. It is the longest river in Meghalaya, in the entire Garo Hills District.
It is called Ganol by the locals. The river originates from the Tura peak. It then flows towards the west through Damalgre. It flows through Garobadha, Rangapani and then enters the Goalpara district. The main tributaries here are the Dilni and also the Rongram rivers.
6. Dareng or Nitai
It originates from the Nokrek mountains, which is the main source of the river. From there it flows towards the Silkigre and finally enters to Bangladesh. It mainly originates from the southern side of the Nokrek mountains. Various deep pools can be seen over, like Rong’ang, Bamon, Warima, and others. Bamon is the dominant and the deepest pool in this region. The most important tributaries are Rompa, Daji, and Kakija.
This beautiful river originates from the Anogre Village. It then goes through the Garo Hills district. Finally, it enters into the Goalpara district. It is one of the most popular tourist spots in Meghalaya as it is surrounded by beautiful views and greenery on all sides.
The locals call this river as Bugi. It originates from the southern side of the Nokrek mountains. It then goes through the Dalu village. Then it flows into the Mymensingh. It is located in Bangladesh. It attracts a lot of tourists as well as the locals to the place. It is a striking river with scenic locals.
This river is called by the locals as the Ringge river. It originates from the Arabela Peak and then it goes through the Ringgegre Village. After running through the village, it goes and falls into the Jinjiram River. Seasonal winds blow from here and it creates a very pleasant ambiance which makes it a spot of attraction among the locals as well as among the tourists.
10. Kopili River
This beautiful river originates in the Meghalaya Plateau. After originating from the Meghalaya Plateau, it flows through Central Assam. It then flows through the hill districts of Assam. It flows through the hill districts of Assam even before its major confluence with the Brahmaputra.
11. Digaru River
Di means water and Garo refers to the people who lives in the Garo Hills. It originates from the Kachari or Mech word. It means water of the Garo. It is located in Khurpatal and is popular among all the tourists and the locals. The entire surrounding of the river is very pleasant and serene which makes it even more attractive among the people.